US HISTORY PAPER HELP August 13, 2018 – Posted in: Buy Cheap Essay Online

US HISTORY PAPER HELP GUIDELINES

For this assignment consider yourself a historian. You must use your analytical and organizational skills to complete this assignment. You will write the paper using primary documents. The first decision, and the most difficult, is choosing a thesis statement. This is important since it will give you the ability to “link” the documents you have chosen and organize your sources and arguments to support your thesis. (US HISTORY PAPER HELP)

There are three ways to write the paper.

  • a narrative style
  • an argumentative paper
  • a historical fiction
  1. In the narrative style you are writing in story format. You are writing about the past. What it is like to be a Revolutionary War soldier, conditions of slavery, events in the progression of women’s rights, etc., are some examples of this approach. Be sure to use the documents to provide you with material from the past.
  1. An argumentative paper has a stronger thesis statement than one written in the narrative style. In this type of paper you are supporting your thesis statement(s) by using the materials in the documents to support your position. Some examples of this ​

approach includes, New York City was a wonderful place to live at the turn of the 18​ century or conversely, New York City was a​

“hell-hole” at the turn of the 18​ century and I would not be caught dead there. Here you would cite documents that would support and enhance your position.

  1. The third way to approach writing this paper is as a historical fiction. In this essay you may place yourself in the past or take on the persona of some historical individual. Although it is fiction, you will still need to cite the documents to support your essay. Do not change the past or the historical facts, but incorporate yourself into the past. Some examples of this style would be recounting your experiences on the Oregon Trail, conditions you had to suffer on the Middle Passage, a Civil War Soldier writing home about his war experience(s), etc. Be creative.

PAPER SPECIFICS

  • The length of the paper should be 1500 to 2000 words.
  • Include a title page with your paper. On the title page include a descriptive title along with your name, course, and date submitted.
  • The paper should be typed, double-spaced, and sent to the professor electronically. For this assignment, you may send your paper through the U.S. mail as well. As long as its postmarked by the date due, late points will not be deducted.
  • Avoid using creative margins and font-size. I would recommend using 12 point, New Times Roman font, and ​save and send this assignment as a .docx or .doc file. If you are using another word processor other than Microsoft Word, then submit your paper as a .rtf (rich text format) file.
  • For citing purposes, we will be using the Chicago Style. This is the citation method used by historians.
  • Remember, citing using the CMS (Chicago Manual of Style) uses superscripted numbers after the citations. If you paraphrase or quote directly, citations must be used. The only difference, is when quoting directly, use quotation marks, when paraphrasing (putting the author’s ideas into your own words) only a citation is needed.
  • The superscripted numbers are not repeating, every time you provide a citation, whether or not the source has already been used,​

a new number is used. Numbers are never repeated. The first time a document is incorporated into the essay, a superscripted 1 (​)​

should be used, a second citation a superscripted 2 (​) is used, and so on.

  • If other primary sources are used that are not in the document set, then you must provide a bibliography page as well. The

bibliography page tells the reader where you found the sources used in your paper. See bibliography at the end of this document, to utilize the correct form. The sources on the bibliography page are listed in alphabetical order, according to the author. ​Note:A bibliography page is used ​only when incorporating primary documents that are not from the document set.

  • Use a minimum of ​five (5)different primary sources. (See below for an explanation of primary documents.)
  • Do not cite Wikipedia or similar websites. You must use at least two (2) sources from the document set, unless instructor agrees to other arrangements. Using Wikipedia or similar websites will automatically reduce your grade by 24 points. If you are not sure about a source, ask!

What is a primary document?

These are the documents that are in the ​For the Record volume that came bundled with your textbook. Primary documents are documents that come from the time period. Examples of primary documents are diaries or journals, letters, government documents, autobiographies and newspaper articles in which the journalist had first-hand knowledge of the events reported. The NARA website is an excellent place to find primary documents.

What is a secondary source?

Everything else, biographies, monographs, encyclopedia entries, journal articles and your textbook.

Common problems to avoid when writing the paper:

  • Avoid using contractions
  • Write out numbers under one hundred
  • Avoid the use of the first or second person in your paper (no “I” or “you”), unless you are going to do the historical fiction approach
  • Follow the rules for properly citing a source
  • Use complete sentences and smooth transitions between paragraphs
  • Avoid misspellings. Nothing says shoddy workmanship than a whole bunch of misspellings and typos. This can be easily fixed by running the

spell-check program

  • In-text citations go after the material being used.
  • Avoid large, block quotes and do not have stand-alone quotes
  • Others to be announced

CITATIONS

The purpose of documenting you sources is to inform the reader were you acquired the material used in writing your paper. To avoid confusion, the history profession has standardized this process. Historians use what is known as the Chicago Style as the standard citing convention.

The placement of your citation can be located in one of two places. You may use either endnotes or footnotes.

  • ENDNOTES — These will be placed on a separate page under the heading of “ENDNOTES”.
  • FOOTNOTES — Footnotes are placed at the bottom, or foot, of the page on which they occur.

In both cases you will designate when using a source with the appearance of a superscripted numeral at the end of the material being used. Do not repeat numbers, every time you use a source a new number (in consecutive order) must be used, even when using a source previously cited.

HOW TO SUPERSCRIPT USING MICROSOFT WORD

  • Mark text
  • Under the FORMAT heading select FONT
  • Go to EFFECTS and select SUPERSCRIPT
  • Remember to save document as a .rtf file, no matter what word processing program used.

AUTOMATIC CITATIONS

(Word 2003)

Use the automatic footnote or endnote system in Microsoft Word.

It is found under the heading “Insert” on the title bar.

Subheading “Reference”

Subheading “Footnote”

(Word 2007/2010)

Click open the tab “References”

Select “Footnotes” in the second box(bottom right hand corner), that will open a window, select “Endnotes” and then change the number formatting to Arabic(1,2,3, etc.) numbers

Select “Apply.”

To insert an Endnote, move the cursor on the spot in the text and select “Insert

Endnote” in the 2nd box under Tab “References”

CITATIONS AND BIBLIOGRAPHY

CITATION FORMAT(endnotes or footnotes)

Primary sources from the Document Set (if you only use these documents, you may use an abbreviated citationformat as shown below)

Title of document, page number.

“A Colonial Woman Argues for Equal Rights,” 77.

Standard

First Name, Last Name. ​Title(City: Publisher, Date), page #.​

David Stafford, ​Britain and European Resistance, 1940-1945(Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1980), 90.

Selection from Edited Work (This is the format used if you found your sources in a collection of primary sources.

Bruce Catton, “The Generalship of Ulysses S. Grant Defended,” in Michael Perman, ed., ​Major Problems in the Civil War and Reconstruction (Lexington, MA: D.C. Heath and Company, 1991), 185.

Journal article

James F. Powers, “Frontier Municipal Baths and Social Interaction in Thirteenth- Century Spain,” ​American Historical Review84 (June 1979), 655-59.

Internet

Include the author (if available and the page number(s)) along with the Internet address: (this may be long but it is required to get the reader to the exact document)

example:

http://www.libraries.psu.edu/iasweb/microforms/archchra.html

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Standard

Last Name, First Name​. Title. City: Publisher, Date.

Stafford, David. ​Britain and European Resistance, 1940-1945. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1980.

Edited Work

Perman, Michael, ed. ​Major Problems in the Civil War and Reconstruction. Lexington, MA: D.C. Heath and Company, 1991.

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