Answer the following questions:
- What is the claim of the argument? Complete the sentence, “The author wants me to believe that . . . .” Is the claim stated or implied? What type of question is the claim answering (fact, definition, cause, value, or policy)?
- What is the support? Complete the sentence, “The author wants me to believe [the claim] because . . . .” Support can include evidence, opinions, reasoning, examples, proof, and factual information that can help you accept the claim.
- What are the warrants? The “warrant” of an argument is the underlying (often unstated) assumptions that connect the claim to the support. Warrants are the assumptions, general principles, conventions of specific disciplines, widely held values, commonly accepted beliefs, and appeals to human motives. Ask “What does this author value or believe regarding the claim? Are these values stated or implied? Do I agree or disagree with them?”
- Is there backing for any of the warrants? Ask, “Does the author supply any additional information or rely on any commonly accepted cultural beliefs and attitudes that would make it easier for me to accept the warrants? What are they?”
- Is there a rebuttal or consideration of counter-arguments? Ask, “Are other views on the issue represented here? What are they?” How does the author anticipate possible objections to his/her line of reasoning?
- Is there a qualifier? Ask, “Is the claim stated in absolute terms (always, never, the best, the worst, etc.) or in probable terms (sometimes, probably, possibly, etc.)?” How does the author limit the scope of the claim?
- Do you find this argument convincing? Why or why not?
To get full credit, you will need to adequately develop your ideas and support your claims. Reference specific quotes and examples from the text.
Title; THE LOSS OF THE CREATURE
Length; 2 pages (550 words)