Progressive Muscle Atrophy June 11, 2019 – Posted in: Buy Cheap Essay Online
Essay on Progressive Muscle Atrophy
Progressive Muscular Atrophy is a disorder marked by progressive degeneration of neurons in the spine, resulting in muscular atrophy and weakness. The non-inherited disorder affects the nerves and control muscle activity. It is a condition of progressive weakness as the nerves, hands, arms, and leg muscle deteriorates. The muscles that control coughing, chewing, breathing and speech may also be affected to some extent, although those controlling the bladder and bowels are spared. Study shows that PMA affects 5-7% of the people living with motor neuron disorder (Durmus et al. 61). The life expectancy, although variable, is longer for PMA patients than the average people living with MND. The analysis seeks to assess the different ways to manage and rehabilitate progressive muscular atrophy.
The goal of rehabilitation for progressive muscular atrophy is to enhance mobility and maintain function. In the early stages, physiotherapy for active range of motion can help a person sustain strength and maintain flexibility while relieving the musculoskeletal pain that is associated with paralysis, muscular weakness, and immobility. With an active range of motion exercises, an individual can perform all movement independently with or without external resistance. Resistance to therapy can be provided through the use of light weights or elastic bands in what is called isotonic exercise. In the later stages, however, passive range of motion would be preferable to avoid over-exertion or muscle damage (Rowland 163). In the passive range of motion exercise, a therapist moves the weakened limb without any effort from the individual.
Balance exercises are beneficial in case the muscle weakness in the legs. The activities involve side-stepping and walking with their eyes closed, whether the patient has assistance or not. The respiratory muscles can also become weak as the disease advances, which results in the inclusion of muscle strengthening exercises in the program. In the management program, an individual learns how to avoid intervention in the rehabilitation of PMA. Occupational therapy is crucial in helping a patient arrange the home and organize their lives in a way that supports their mental and physical well-being (Durmus et al. 59). Treatment also involves the provision of activities to relieve the mental boredom of inactivity while devices and techniques that help a person communicate are invaluable in helping him maintain peace of mind.
Individuals are also encouraged to join support groups, which can help them cope with the devastating physical and even psychological aspects of the disease. The rehabilitation program varies from one individual to the other with PMA as the intensity and progression depend on the stage of the disease and the overall health of a person. At this time, though, there is no known treatment for the condition or means of slowing the deterioration of nerves (Rowland 162). The available treatment has only been designed to relieve particular symptoms and provide the necessary support.
Although PMA is incurable, caregivers and therapists have ways to enhance maximum medical improvement. The process involves physiotherapy and programs to help an individual become independent. It also includes the organization of homes and arrangement of items to ensure the physical and mental well-being of an individual. Besides, the caregivers offer counseling programs and encourage people to join support groups where they share with others dealing with the same problem. This way, individuals can attain better mental and physical health to help them continue with their daily routine.
Durmus, Hacer et al. “Muscle Mrı in Spınal Muscular Atrophy 3: Selectıve and Progressıve Involvement”. Muscle & Nerve 24.4 (2016): 20-81. Web.
Rowland, Lewis P. “Progressive Muscular Atrophy and other Lower Motor Neuron Syndromes of Adults”. Muscle & Nerve 41.2 (2010): 161-165. Web.