Cultural and Economic Roles of China in Africa April 4, 2019 – Posted in: Buy Cheap Essay Online

In recent history, China has emerged as an economic powerhouse in the world. This is due to the advanced technology the Chinese develop which impacts the developing countries. This has attracted the Chinese to improve relations with African countries. This relationship has impacted the cultural and economic aspects of both countries. In context, this publication will entail the effects of China in the development of culture and economics of countries in the sub-Sahara such as Kenya and the rest of Africa. In a 2006 policy by the Chinese government, they declared their interest in Africa which was to improve the cooperation of the two countries in fields of health, education, technology, and security. This has led to the influx of investment in Africa due to the high demand for oil and natural resources by developed countries which are abundant in the African continent. The trade deals have increased the gross development product of both the Chinese and African countries in recent years

            The role of China in the social and economic factors in Africa are discussed to study why African countries need China to enhance their development. The major role is the continued support the Chinese government has given Africa in terms of aid and debt relief. In 2009 the Chinese offered double aid in Africa by developing significant infrastructures and also human development which had ceased under Westerndonors. The Chinese awards scholarships to African students to study in China under the African Human Resources Development Fund. This training adds elites and health professions to steer the economy of the region. The Chinese proposed future plans to train more professionals in different fields and also build agriculture technology centers and hospitals to curb malaria and other epidemics.

            The Chinese have also developed sports like table tennis by building training facilities and stadia, they support African footballers to play in Chinese leagues which helps promote their talent. China has managed to promote its relationship with Africa by not imposing pressure in Africa governments to reform unlike other donors such as the Paris Club donors and the international financial institutions.”China stands ready to establish and develop state-to-state relations with countries that have not yet established diplomatic ties with China on the basis of the one-China principle.”28

                Africa is the most growing telecommunication markets in the world there has been big investments from the Western and South African companies such as British Vodafone, France Telecom and South Africa’s MTN. Chines companies toohave set up a niche in Africa as seen by the setting up of telecommunication companies such as Zhong Xing Telecommunication Equipment Company, China mobile and the privately owned company Huawei. In Angola, ZTE reached an agreement with the Angolan fixed-line telecommunications utility, MundoStartel, for the purchase of equipment worth $69m. ZTE also expects to invest $400m in total for the construction of Angola’s telecommunications system, construction of a mobile phone factory, the creation of a telecommunications training institute and a telecommunications research laboratory.30

                Africa has cooperatively supported China in international forums such as the United Nations Council where sometimes it is under pressure from the Western countries. The political Chinese interest in Africa is to end the diplomatic recognition of Taipei and replace it with Beijing. China has also helped Africa to fight pirates at the Gulf of Aden and combat terrorism in the region.

            In the aspect of economic values, both China and Africa have greatly profited from their relationship as they trade and promote their economies. One of the greatest achievements of a country like Kenya from China Africa relationship is the development of infrastructures projects. This, however, is an unguaranteed quality since most of the Chinese products are substandard such as a hospital built in Angola that started showing cracks a few months after its completion. This short time fix will unexpectedly become a long term loss. It should be the responsibility of the Chinese government to make sure the consumers are satisfied with their investment. The Chinese projects create employment to the people of Africa and also their affordability boosts the economy of the country thus making them a global competitor.

            An issue arising from the building of infrastructure by the Chinese is the importation of manual laborers instead of employing the local people. This they say is because they are more experienced in prompt construction development and the issue of the language barrier with local laborers. This has resulted in the African government to deny issuance of work permits making the Chinese to realize their interest in Africa is long term hence support capacity building.

            In the recent years, the Chinese economy has grown by 9% since they established a relationship with Africa and could continue to grow in the future as industrial output grows to become over productive in the sectors of textiles, electronics, and shoes. This has resulted in the need for importation of raw materials and export market for the Chinese manufacturers. The Chinese have discovered that market in Africa after the Sino-Africa trade deal and have become the majority trading partners in Africa followed by the UK and France. To ensure the security of the trade, the Chinese is considering to negotiate a free trade area in Africa and also engage in free trade talks even though Africa benefits are significantly low as they account only 2.3 percent of export and 2 percent of imports.

            China’s industrial sect consumes the most energy in Asia apart from Japan and the huge difference in production and consumption have resulted in importing crude oil from Africa which is 32 percent of China’s oil imports. The Chinese government encourages its companies to acquire large parts of the oil fields in Africa creating a strategic move to invest in Africa for its resources. According to Bah (2012)”Flagship enterprises in energy, construction, engineering, and manufacturing sectors receive generous government support in preferential loans and credits through the Chinese Development Bank, the China Construction Bank, and the Exim Bank, as well as in tax deductions.”

 In conclusion, the bilateral relationship between China and Africa has grown and both sides have benefited from the trade deals that have been developed and there seem to increase in foreign investments. However, there seem to have limited joint ownership in Chinese investment so the employed rate of both governments is still low. This asserts that the Chinese developments aim for tangible results as China views some countries such as Kenya as the gateway to East Africa and their main aim in trade and industrial development. This in return has benefited African countries as they are considered approved destinations to international tourists such as the Chines hence boosting the tourism of the respective country. The Chinese have also opened an agricultural market for African products such as coffee and offer to develop processing plants in Kenya. The paper has highlighted the increase in foreign direct investment in Africa and the Chinese government and the interest of Chinese in Africa.

References

Frimpong, S.K., 2012. Research on the relationship between China and Ghana: Trade and Foreign direct investment (FDI). Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development3(7), pp.51-61.

Esselaar, S., Gillwald, A. and Stork, C., 2006. South African telecommunications sector performance review 2006. LINK Centre public policy research paper, (8), pp.1-64.

Bah, A.O., Pahuamba, A.M. and Fuqiang, Z., 2012. The Impact of China Aid and Investment in Africa Development, Opportunities, and Challenges. Innovation and Management.

Renard, M.F., 2011. China’s Trade and FDI in Africa. China and Africa: An Emerging Partnership for Development25.

Foster, V., Butterfield, W. and Chen, C., 2009. Building Bridges: China’s growing role as infrastructure financier for Africa. The World Bank.

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